Black Ironwood
Krugiodendron ferreum

Black Ironwood

Black ironwood has the hardest wood in North America and will withstand strong winds. The rounded shape and average height of 15 feet, although it can grow to 30 feet, make this a great specimen tree. The small oval leaves are shiny and the trunk is up to 10 inches in diameter.


Black ironwood occurs naturally along our coast, yet protected by the front vegetation. Rich, dry soil is required and extra care to water and fertilize during establishment are needed. The root system is fibrous and non invasive but brittle and should be handled with care when planting. This tree is very drought tolerant when established.


The one third inch black berries, produced in late summer are well liked by birds and are sweet and edible for humans. They dry before falling so are not messy.


Cold tolerance of black ironwood extends to Brevard County. Grow as a specimen with low ground covers to show it off. Try mixing with other coastal hammock species like gumbo limbo, paradise tree, lancewood, the stoppers, inkwood, crabwood or any of the other coastal species.